I picked up a couple of bells that appear to be home made. At a guess they are for a small animal (i.e. goat?) but the metal they are attached to appears to be pretty heavy for that kind of use. Very rustic in nature.
The bells are animal bells and are attached to a rather crude horse bridle bit as a handle. These bells are made in South Asia (Iran, Pakistan, Afganistan, India) and have been marketed variously as camel bells, or other animal bells. They are rather modern, and I doubt that the horse bit was ever used due to its crude construction.
These bells are relatively modern and were probably produced in the last 40 years. they are made of sheet steel and dipped in copper or brass. SS Sarna sold similar bells in the 1950s-1960s on yarn strings. These are attached to a crudely made horse bit and were likely made in Iran prior to the Shia revolution in the mid 1970s. They might also have been produced in Afganistan at around the same time since both countries utilize horses extensively in their tribal areas.
Harry Long, MD