The all respond to this bell way up in the garett. If they way off when i ring the bell they will be assembled on the kitchen porch to eat. That info of russian dogs and bells was interesting. The way i trained them was when i ring the bell i always feed them. It works like a charm. It prob would work on other outside animals too like cows horses if they trained by the bell. This jl haven bell sounds like a bronze bell but it is steel. Bought it on ebay yrs ago for 50 dollars.It is 14 inches across the skirt.